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3.1c Year 3: extending the range of sentences with more than one clause by using a wider range of conjunctions, including when, if, because, although (mixed conjunctions)

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This resource is part of our grammar curriculum
Real Grammar
  • Covers every objective for years 1-6
  • Five-step sequence ensures deep understanding
  • Includes asssessment and revision tools

This Real Grammar KS2 resources pack provides everything that you need to successfully explore a wider range of conjunctions with pupils in Year 3 or to revisit this learning. Pupils will learn how co-ordinating and subordinating conjunctions are used to create compound and complex sentences in KS2. Teaching slides, worksheets, games and an opportunity to apply the new learning in a writing task are all included to create a complete resource to teach pupils when these conjunctions can be used. This builds on pupils’ knowledge of the conjunctions taught in KS1: ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘or’ (co-ordinating); and ‘when’, ‘because’, ‘if’ and ‘that’ (subordinating).

Additional Year 3 Real Grammar packs are available on the use of co-ordinating and subordinating conjunctions to explore the different types of conjunction separately. This pack could then be used to revise and consolidate the use of a range of conjunctions when writing.

Year 2 Real Grammar resource packs are also available on the co-ordinating and subordinating conjunctions introduced in KS1.

What is a co-ordinating conjunction?

A co-ordinating conjunction joins clauses, and other phrases or words that are of the same importance in a sentence. In Year 2, pupils are introduced to the co-ordinating conjunctions ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘or’.

Further co-ordinating conjunctions are introduced in Year 3. These are ‘for’, ‘yet’, ‘so’ and ‘nor’.

How do we use the acronym FANBOYS?

The acronym FANBOYS is often used to remember the co-ordinating conjunctions:

  • F - for
  • A - and
  • N - nor
  • B - but
  • O - or
  • Y - yet
  • S - so

The sentences formed using co-ordinating conjunctions are called compound sentences.

What is a subordinating conjunction?

A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause to add information to a main clause (the term ‘subordinate clause’ is introduced in Year 3 and a separate Real Grammar pack on this is available). In Year 3, pupils are introduced to a wider range of subordinating conjunctions building on the four learnt in Year 2 (because, if, when and that). Subordinating conjunctions introduced in the resource pack are listed below.

  • after
  • although
  • as
  • because
  • before
  • even
  • though
  • if
  • once
  • since
  • that
  • though
  • unless
  • until
  • when
  • whenever
  • whereas
  • wherever
  • while

The sentences formed using subordinating conjunctions are called complex sentences.

A main clause (also known as an independent clause) is a clause that makes sense on its own as a simple sentence.

What is included in this resource pack?

This pack is divided into five parts:


This section includes PowerPoint teaching slides and teaching notes with an optional script to introduce co-ordinating and subordinating conjunctions to join and extend main clauses. It can also be used to revisit this aspect of grammar with pupils.


An independent activity for pupils to practise using what they have been taught, allowing teachers to assess understanding.


A series of short, 10-minute activities that can be used following the TEACH session to revisit and rehearse what has been taught. These may be short writing tasks, grammar games or editing/proofreading activities.


A short writing task where pupils can use the grammar skills taught in context to produce independent writing.


Five SATs style test questions, including cloze activities and multiple choice quiz questions, based on the grammar that has been taught.

Teachers can choose which section of the resource pack to use according to their pupils’ needs and could use the activities over a series of lessons or weeks

Teacher notes are provided to show how these quality resources could be used with pupils.

How is this resource differentiated?

The PRACTISE and REVISE sections include three activities differentiated for three levels of ability:

  • Worksheet 1 for pupils who may need support. Questions will have a lower cognitive domain (what is being asked of pupils) and/or vocabulary used may be simplified where possible.
  • Worksheet 2 for pupils working at age related expectations.
  • Worksheet 3 for pupils who may need an additional challenge and may be working at a greater depth in this area. Questions will have a higher cognitive domain with more challenging vocabulary.

SUPPORT and CHALLENGE ideas are also included in the teacher notes of each section where relevant, with ideas of how to support pupils working towards the expected standard or at greater depth in this area.

What pupil-facing resources are included?


    PPT slides; model text ‘How to be a pirate’


    Practise 1, Practise 2 and Practise 3 worksheets


    Game 1, game 2


    Planning sheet, image cards


    PPT slides; Revise 1, Revise 2 and Revise 3 worksheets

Answer sheets for all worksheets are provided, where appropriate.

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