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Year 5/6 Phonics – Dots and Dashes Spelling Games

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Pupils will revisit and apply their knowledge of year 5 and year 6 spelling patterns when playing ‘Dots and Dashes’, which builds upon and uses their knowledge of phonics learnt in KS1 and LKS2 to aid spelling. These spelling games will develop pupils’ segmenting skills, identifying the phonemes (sounds) in words and choosing the correct graphemes (letters) that represent these.

To play the game, pupils must find words that match the dots and dashes cards. Dots represent sounds that are spelt using only one letter, dashes represent sounds that are spelt with 2 or more letters (eg sc in science, eigh in eight, bt in doubt).

How will this resource aid pupils’ spelling?

This spelling game encourages pupils to break down words into their sounds. This is called segmenting. Pupils can then apply their knowledge of spelling patterns to choose the correct letters that are used to make these sounds in the words that they are trying to spell, building upon pupils’ prior phonics and spelling knowledge.

What is included in this spelling game pack?

  • dots and dashes cards
  • year 5/6 word cards
  • blank cards for teachers to add their own examples

National Curriculum English programme of study links

  • Pupils should be taught to spell words with ‘silent’ letters.
  • Pupils should be taught to use knowledge of morphology and etymology in spelling and understand that the spelling of some words needs to be learnt specifically, as listed in English Appendix 1.

  • Teacher notes
  • Dots and dashes cards
  • Word cards
  • Answer sheet
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