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1.6b Year 1: W - suffixes that can be added to verbs where no change is needed to the spelling of the root words (suffix -ed)

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This resource is part of our grammar curriculum
Real Grammar
  • Covers every objective for years 1-6
  • Five-step sequence ensures deep understanding
  • Includes asssessment and revision tools

This Real Grammar resources pack provides everything that you need to successfully explore adding the suffix -ed, where no change is needed to the root word, with your pupils in Year 1 or to revisit this learning. Teaching slides, worksheets, games and an opportunity to apply the new learning in a writing task are all included to create a complete KS1 resource to teach adding the suffix -ed to words.

What is a suffix?

A suffix is a group of letters that can be added to the end of a word.

The suffix can change the word’s meaning. Examples of suffixes include -ing, -ed, -er and -est.

When is the suffix -ed added to words?

The suffix -ed can be added to verbs and adding -ed changes the verb to the past tense. The suffix -ed can sound different when added to different words.

The suffix can be pronounced /ed/ such as in added or needed; /t/ such as in jumped or kicked; or /d/ such as in buzzed or played.

What are the spelling rules when adding the suffix -ed to words?

In Year 1, the focus is on adding suffixes to words where no change is needed to the root word. Rules for adding -ed to other words (first introduced in Year 2) are below.

Doubling the consonant

When the word has a single vowel making the short vowel sound /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/, /u/ and ends in a single consonant, we double the last letter. These words usually have only one syllable. For example, the word drop becomes dropped.

Words ending in ‘e’

When a word ends in an ‘e’, we just add the ‘d’. For example, the word bake becomes baked.

Words ending in ‘y’

For words ending in a consonant followed by a ‘y’, the ‘y’ changes to an ‘i’ when adding the suffix -ed. For example, carry becomes carried.

NOTE: Sections of this resource pack could be used alongside the Real Grammar Year 1 resources for the suffix -ing. The model text is the same for both, using different tenses, to show how the suffixes -ed and -ing can be used.

What is included in this resource pack?

This pack is divided into five parts:


    This section includes PowerPoint teaching slides and teaching notes with an optional script to introduce adding the suffix -ed to words. It can also be used to revisit this aspect of grammar with pupils.


    An independent activity for pupils to practise using what they have been taught, allowing teachers to assess understanding.


    A series of short, 10-minute activities that can be used following the TEACH session to revisit and rehearse what has been taught. These may be short writing tasks, grammar games or editing/proofreading activities.


    A short writing task where pupils can use the grammar skills taught in context to produce independent writing.


    Three SATs style test questions, including cloze activities and multiple choice quiz questions, based on the grammar that has been taught.

  • Teachers can choose which section of the resource pack to use according to their pupils’ needs and could use the activities over a series of lessons or weeks.

    Teacher notes are provided to show how these quality resources could be used with pupils.

    How is this resource pack differentiated?

    The PRACTISE and REVISE sections include three activities differentiated for three levels of ability:

    • Worksheet 1 for pupils who may need support. Questions will have a lower cognitive domain (what is being asked of pupils) and/or vocabulary used may be simplified where possible.
    • Worksheet 2 for pupils working at age related expectations.
    • Worksheet 3 for pupils who may need an additional challenge and may be working at a greater depth in this area. Questions will have a higher cognitive domain with more challenging vocabulary.

    SUPPORT and CHALLENGE ideas are also included in the teacher notes of each section where relevant, with ideas of how to support pupils working towards the expected standard or at greater depth in this area.

    What pupil-facing resources are included?

    • TEACH

      PPT slides; model text ‘Helping Dad’


      Practise 1, Practise 2 and Practise 3 worksheets


      Game 1 and game 2

    • APPLY

      Planning sheet

    • REVISE

      PPT slides; Revise 1, Revise 2 and Revise 3 worksheets

    Answer sheets for all worksheets are provided, where appropriate.

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