In KS1 and 2, pupils are taught to recognise and use a range of subordinating conjunctions. Subordination is introduced in Year 2 with the conjunctions when, if, that and because, with further examples taught in KS2.
But how can you support pupils to recognise subordinating conjunctions and use a range in their independent writing?
Using the acronym A WHITE BUS, this display pack provides a visual image for pupils to refer to when asked to identify or use a range of subordinating conjunctions in KS2. Resources for display, word mats and pupil-facing worksheets are all included for use in the classroom for pupils to access independently.
What is a subordinating conjunction?
A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause to add information to a main clause (the term ‘subordinate clause’ is introduced in Year 3) to create a multiclause sentence. Pupils are introduced to a wider range of subordinating conjunctions in Year 3, building on the four learnt in Year 2 (because, if, when and that). A list of subordinating conjunctions introduced in the A WHITE BUS resource pack is included below.
- A - after, although, as
- W – when, where, whenever, wherever, while, whereas
- H – how, however
- I – if
- T – than, though
- E – even if, even though
- B – because, before
- U – unless, until
- S – since, so that
What is included in this KS2 subordinating conjunction resource?
- A WHITE BUS display poster
- A WHITE BUS word mat
- A WHITE BUS word strips
- A WHITE BUS blank template
National Curriculum programme of study links
- Pupils should be taught to extend the range of sentences with more than one clause by using a wider range of conjunctions, including when, if, because, although