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Phase 3 Phonics – Year 1 Spelling Games: Dots and Dashes

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Pupils will revisit and apply their phase 3 phonics knowledge from Letters and Sounds when playing ‘Dots and Dashes’. These spelling games will develop pupils’ segmenting skills, identifying the phonemes (sounds) in words and choosing the correct graphemes (letters) that represent these.

To play the game, pupils must find words that match the dots and dashes cards. Their knowledge of sound buttons will help them with this task. A variety of dots and dashes and word cards with VC, CV, CVC and two-syllable words are included.

What is phase 3 phonics?

In this phase, pupils will be taught a further 25 graphemes, most of them comprising two letters (e.g. oa) so that pupils can represent each of 42 phonemes by a grapheme. They will also continue to practise CVC blending and segmentation and will apply their knowledge to simple reading and spelling simple two-syllable words and captions.

Letter Progression in Phase 3

Set 6: j, v, w, x
Set 7: y, z, zz, qu
Other graphemes taught: ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

National Curriculum English programme of study links

  • Pupils should apply phonic knowledge and skills as the route to decode words
  • Pupils should be taught to spell words containing the 40+ phonemes already taught
  • Pupils should use the process of segmenting spoken words into sounds before choosing words graphemes to represent the sounds

  • Teacher notes
  • Dots and dashes cards
  • Word cards
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