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UKS2 Word Classes Make a Match - KS2 Grammar Game

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This ‘Make a Match’ game is a fun way for pupils in Year 5 and Year 6 to revisit word classes. Pupils will sort the word cards according to their word class, revisiting those taught in Year 2 (noun, adjective, verb or adverb), those introduced in LKS2 (preposition, conjunction, determiner and pronoun) and those introduced in UKS2 (relative pronouns and modal verbs). . It will consolidate knowledge of word classes taught and offers the opportunity to orally compose sentences.

This grammar game can be played as a class or in small groups and is perfect for adult led interventions to revisit key knowledge and skills.

What is included in this word classes KS2 resource pack?

  • 40 word cards
  • 10 heading cards
  • Sorting words worksheet

What are word classes?

Words have different purposes within a sentence. They belong to different word classes depending on the job that they do within a sentence. A word can belong to more than one word class.

Nouns are words that name people, places, objects, thoughts, ideas and feelings. There are different types of nouns, including proper, common, concrete, abstract and collective.

Adjectives are words that usually come before a noun and modify it, adding description or specifying which person or object it is. In this sentence ‘The bright sun is high in the blue sky’. the adjectives ‘bright’ and ‘blue’ describe the sun and sky. In the sentence ‘We need plain flour for the recipe.’ the adjective ‘plain’ is specifying which flour we need.

Verbs are words that can identify an action in a sentence. Other verbs join the subject to a description of it and are link verbs. Examples of these include the following: was/were, is/are and be.

Adverbs are words that modify verbs but can also modify adjectives, other adverbs or whole sentences. They can give the answers to the following questions within a sentence: How …? When …?, Where…?, How often…? or How much …?
Adverbs can, but not always, end with the suffix -ly.

A preposition is a word that is used before a noun, pronoun or noun phrase. Prepositions can link these to a verb, another noun or an adjective. The most common preposition is of. Other prepositions can show position or direction, timing and a link or relationship.

Determiners are used before a noun or at the beginning of a noun phrase. They show which noun, how many or how much. Examples of determiners include a, the, some, one, and every. Some determiners are possessive and shows who something belongs to. Possessive determiners are my, your, his, her, its, our and their.

A conjunction links words, phrases or clauses and is a type of cohesive device. They can be co-ordinating or subordinating and are used to form multi-clause sentences.

A co-ordinating conjunction joins clauses, and other phrases or words that are of the same importance in a sentence. Examples include and, but, or, nor and yet.

A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause. Examples include, when, if, because, although, while, until and since.

Pronouns are words that can be used in a sentence to replace a noun or noun phrase. Examples of pronouns include I, me, my, we, they, yours and ours.

Relative clauses begin with a type of pronoun (a word that can be used to replace a noun in a sentence) called a relative pronoun. These are who, which, where, when, whose, whom or that.

A modal verb modifies a verb in a sentence. They are used to show possibility or likelihood, necessity or the future. Modal verbs are: will, would, can, could, may, might, shall, should, must, ought.

The word ‘not’ can also be placed after the modal verb to create a negative sentence.

National Curriculum English programme of study links

Pupils should be taught to use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 accurately and appropriately when discuss their writing and reading

  • 40 word cards
  • 10 heading cards
  • Sorting words worksheet
  • Teacher notes
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