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Year 5 Model Text Resource Pack 24: ‘The Life Cycle of a Frog’ (Explanation; Science - life cycles)

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Real Writing
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Real Writing Year 5 - Unit 24
The Life Cycle of a Frog, by Anita Loughrey
Curriculum links: Science (life cycles)

Unit overview
This writing unit for Year 5 is built around an original model text by Anita Loughrey - an explanation text about the life cycle of a frog. The example text is available as a PDF in three versions (plain, illustrated and annotated); annotated and non-annotated PowerPoint presentations are also included.

In this two-week unit, pupils will learn how to structure and write an explanation, using our model text. This formal explanation will inspire pupils to research other animal life cycles and write their own explanations using the writing skills taught throughout this unit

Key curriculum skills
Two fully-resourced lesson plans are included for Year 5 English objectives:

1. Vocabulary - To use causal conjunctions
Pupils will: revisit conjunctions; understand what is meant by a causal conjunction; identify causal conjunctions; rewrite sentences using causal conjunctions; write an explanation, using causal conjunctions.

2. Composition - To use brackets, dashes and commas to indicate parenthesis
Pupils will: revisit brackets, commas and dashes; understand that these can be used to separate parenthesis; identify parenthesis and punctuate it appropriately; write a paragraph using correctly punctuated parenthesis.

Revisited skills

  • using paragraphs to organise ideas
  • using fronted adverbials

Additional year 5 curriculum teaching points

  • to ensure consistent use of tense;
  • to use further organisational and presentational devices;
  • linking ideas across paragraphs using adverbials of time;
  • précising (summarising) texts

Year 5 words: featured vocabulary
Tier two words: secrete, absorb, external, emerge
Tier three words: amphibian, lifecycles, ectothermic, vertebrate, hibernate, tympanum, predator, larva, metamorphosis
Year 5 spellings: develop

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